Why are there three branches of U.S. government?

How is the U.S. government structured?

The United States is a federation of 50 states, each with its own government, and also includes the federal government.

The federal government is divided into three branches: the executive, legislative and judicial branches. The executive branch consists of the President, Vice President and the heads of all federal agencies. The legislative branch consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The judicial branch consists of the Supreme Court, federal courts and other courts.

Is there a system of checks and balances? Yes. The U. Constitution establishes a system of checks and balances. Article II, Section 2 of the U. Constitution says that the President shall "take care that the laws be faithfully executed." This means that the President has the power to declare an emergency, order military strikes and other activities without Congressional approval. Congress has the power to declare war, make treaties, raise armies and navies, and appropriate money for the federal government.

What does the federal government do? Executive Branch: The executive branch consists of the President, Vice President and the heads of all federal agencies. The Vice President serves as President during the Vice President's term office. The President appoints the members of the Cabinet. The Cabinet consists of the Attorney General, Secretary of State, Secretary of Treasury, Secretary of Defense, Secretary of Labor, Secretary of Energy, Secretary of Health and Human Services, Secretary of Agriculture, Secretary of Commerce, Secretary of Transportation, Secretary of Education, Secretary of Veterans Affairs, and the Director of the Office of Management and Budget. The heads of federal agencies are appointed by the President.

Legislative Branch: The legislative branch consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives. Senators are elected by the people of their state. Members of the House of Representatives are elected by the people of their district. Both houses of Congress have the power to propose bills and approve or reject them. The House of Representatives has the power to impeach the President and the Vice President. Members of the House of Representatives are elected to two-year terms, while Senators are elected to six-year terms.

Judicial Branch: The judicial branch consists of the Supreme Court, federal courts and other courts. The Supreme Court has the power to make decisions about the constitutionality of federal laws and regulations. Federal judges are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate.

How is the US government structured?

You might be surprised to hear there's not actually a federal government.

The only three pieces of the US Government that are in full control at any given time are the President, Congress, and the Supreme Court. Any other government organization (Federal Reserve, DHS, Federal Reserve Banks) has no legal authority and its power is subject to being taken away.

It is a good thing this arrangement works so well; because that's all we've got. The reason Congress only has limited authority in the US is because the states have their own rights and powers too, since they hold sovereignty, not the federal government. It's also really great that no part of the government or federal government has any legal standing when it comes to the United States government.

Let's assume that some day in the future a man from Mars lands in a small town named Washington, and wants to join the US government. In theory that's fine, you could have him start off a job with no authority as some type of President Mars. At that point the President Mars is no different than Mars himself, and you've got to admit that's pretty funny!

That all being said, it's important to understand the true structure of the United States government. In reality no part of the government actually gets anything done (aside from the president's signature which makes law changes), and in fact most US Government agencies were created for the primary purpose of spying on Americans. Yes, I'm not being over dramatic here, but that's exactly what most of the organizations are used for. Most people tend to think that these agencies operate like normal bureaucracies or departments, but that's just not the case.

So without further ado, let's take a look at the United States government, and in fact how it works when it comes to the actual power that's used by the government to do things. So without further notice, let's go! Congress. Congress decides on the laws of the United States. The US Constitution sets out who can appoint a President and also how presidential elections are conducted (ie 2/3rds).

Which of the three branches of government is most powerful?

Is it the judicial, executive or legislative branch?

There is a tendency to answer these questions without much reflection or analysis. A more in depth look into the power dynamics among the three branches of government can lead to an understanding of why one and not the other becomes so.

In a democracy every citizen has a part to play. Our representatives form a government and they will be accountable for the decisions they make. The electorate decide who becomes the leader of the party, and after the elections, if that leader is in a majority, then that party will lead a new government which will be held accountable by the electorate (in the manner that the leader is supposed to lead the country).

So the most powerful branch of government is the people, by giving someone else a mandate, the people have become accountable to someone else, namely their chosen representatives. That said the most powerful branch of government, the elected government, will act as a constraint on the other two branches. At the time of election, when someone else is going to be made accountable to the public, a lot of promises will be made about policies, and budgets. There are also a range of other activities by the government over the period between elections where the other two arms of government are constrained by the policy priorities and funding capabilities of the elected government.

At the end of the four year term there is a 'referendum' and people can either affirm or overturn the government's actions and priorities which means that even in a democracy the electorate do not have a lot of say about what their government does; they will be accountable, but just in another four year term. With the emergence of political parties based on ideological interests, governments will tend to choose a government which is ideologically closest to them. In Australia this is a major problem for citizens, if you voted Green at the last election then you had little say over whether the Greens were in government, because by law a minority government could not get elected without support from other parties or the LNP and now we've got a minority government led by some LNP members.

The same problems will arise in Europe as it is difficult for governments to govern in the face of their own ideologies.

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