Is it better to use Tor without VPN?

Is Tor better than VPN?

I recently learned about a free VPN called "Unblock Tor".

I tested the service, and it is actually pretty good. However, I heard about a similar service called "The Onion Router" or "Tor". ?

This answer assumes that both "Tor" and "VPN" refer to something similar in nature. The question is not clear, though, as to whether one is referring to traffic rerouting, or a virtual private network. I will discuss each of these.

Tor is a software suite designed to provide Internet anonymity. You connect to a server, and that server redirects you through a number of randomly selected exit servers. Your traffic can be encrypted, but only within a Tor "tunnel." You cannot directly connect to a particular website, as that site's traffic would be immediately relayed to all of the exit nodes. You could, for example, use Tor to visit Reddit anonymously, or visit a chat room anonymously. That's pretty much it.

Tor does not provide any guarantees that your traffic will be delivered to your destination. For example, if you're trying to access a website on port 443, but the proxy doesn't have a route to that server on port 443, your traffic will be relayed to the exit node, which can send it anywhere. You don't know whether that exit node will drop your traffic, or deliver it to your destination. It is possible that a site with no publicly known exit node (like, say, GitHub) will drop your traffic. If you're trying to access a site from a country where the government has blocked it, like China, Russia, Iran, and so on, there's no guarantee that your traffic will be delivered.

Tor also has no guarantees that it can find your exit node, or prevent someone else from intercepting your traffic. Tor is commonly used to "hide" when visiting a site known for its censorship, such as YouTube. If you have a route to YouTube, but a route to is blocked, you can enter the "Tor browser" which will attempt to find a path to YouTube via an exit node. If that node is not blocked, you can access YouTube. If it is blocked, the exit node can relay your traffic to YouTube. If YouTube is blocked in the country you're visiting from, your traffic will be relayed to another exit node.

Do I need VPN if I have Tor?

I'm not familiar with VPN, but I am familiar with IP based networks such as the web, and Tor.

What is the purpose of a VPN and what are the downsides to have both a Tor network and VPN

Why do so many use both at the same time? VPN means, that the traffic between you and your VPN (and by other persons, when connecting to a VPN server) is encrypted. As long as you use such a service, your traffic is protected. However, if the person you connect to has a weakness in his/her protection system, like a misconfiguration or backdoors in an encryption algorithm, or if you are the victim of an attack, then it might be possible for that person to read your traffic. A VPN provides partial protection against such problems; it can make some attacks harder. It cannot prevent an attacker from reading or changing your traffic.

In contrast to Tor, VPN traffic is not routed through the Tor network and thus doesn't get distributed and routed to random nodes through this network. Thus, your traffic is directly sent from your source IP address to your destination IP address and does not go through the Internet. This protects the data a little bit more;
However, not enough for all use cases. The most important thing to remember here is, that the VPN provider knows who you are, and whether they are using security protocols such as TLS, HTTPS, IPsec, or what kind of protocols their servers use and how much security they have. If the provider's systems are exploitable, the attacker has full control over your data. If they choose to, they can also eavesdrop, block your requests, or just change your data. There are very few "free" VPNs in the world that are not used to provide illegal (or, at least, controversial, for example on a terrorist site) services. If the provider gets busted, no one really cares. He has been using VPNs for years to stay anonymous without really doing anything wrong.

So while VPN traffic is not distributed by Tor, it is still distributed and thus can be intercepted, and also be modified at the edges of the system. The only reason why the VPN traffic usually looks different from that of a normal browser, is because there are many things an attacker needs to modify in order to bypass your VPN, if that's done via a proxy or using NAT.

Is it better to use Tor without VPN?

No, it is not better to use Tor without VPN.

In fact, it's a mistake to use Tor without VPN. To start, when you don't use VPN, the data will be exchanged directly by the server of a malicious third-party. The service provider will also have the ability to see the data of the users and will have their own rules, which may even affect the performance of the Internet connection.

I do not recommend using Tor without VPN because: It is vulnerable to attacks that allow the data to be seen. The data are stored on the server of an external service provider, which may include attacks on the security. If the communication is done without encryption, it is not safe. If the provider is not trusted, there may be a problem. How to use Tor without VPN. The first step to use Tor is to install and configure the program. You can use this tutorial to install and configure Tor.

The next step is to create a configuration file named torrc.cfg. It's a text file, so it should be saved with the .txt extension. The file should be placed in the Tor directory with the following path /etc/torrc. The Tor directory is normally found in the /usr directory.

The configuration file is very simple. If you want to use Tor anonymously, you must specify the identity, the destination server and the port. The identity of the user should not be the same as your public IP. If you specify Tor with your own IP address, it will be blocked by some websites. Therefore, it's best to use the local network IP address.

For example, the following configuration file will enable you to use Tor from the computer you want, with the local network IP address, destination server 192.168.10 and port 8080:

Next, save this configuration file in the Tor directory. Afterward, open the Tor program.

After Tor is opened, you can start Tor. The process is simple. When you press the Start button in the Tor program, the computer will load the Tor server. The computer will be connected to the destination server and receive the data through the encrypted connection. The data are then encrypted by the user and sent to the destination server. When you stop using the Tor, the computer stops the server.

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